Regulation of CCN1 (Cyr61) in a porcine model of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion
MetadataShow full item record
Intestinal ischemia is a serious condition that may lead to both local and systemic inflammatory responses. Restoration of blood supply (reperfusion) to ischemic tissues often increases the extent of the tissue injury. Cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (Cyr61)/CCN1 is an extracellular matrix-associated signaling protein that has diverse functions. CCN1 is highly expressed at sites of inﬂammation and wound repair, and may modify cell responses. This study aimed to investigate regulation and cellular distribution of CCN1 in intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs. After intestinal I/R, increased expression of CCN1 was detected by quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry compared with non-ischemic intestine. Immunoflorescence staining revealed that CCN1 was mainly up-regulated in intestinal mucosa after intestinal I/R. Microvillus epithelial cells and vascular endothelial cells were strongly positive for CCN1 in intestinal I/R, while natural killer cells and/or subsets of neutrophils were only modestly positive for CCN1. Furthermore, blood samples taken from the portal and caval veins during ischemia and after reperfusion showed no change of the CCN1 levels, indicating that CCN1 was locally regulated. In conclusion, these observations show, for the first time, that the CCN1 molecule is up-regulated in response to intestinal I/R in a local manner.
Shegarfi, Hamid; Krohn, Claus Danckert; Gundersen, Yngvar; Kjeldsen, Signe Flood; Hviid, Claus Vinter Bødker; Ruud, Tom Erik; Aasen, Ansgar Oddne. Regulation of CCN1 (Cyr61) in a porcine model of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion. Innate Immunity 2015 ;Volum 21.(5) s. 453-462