Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction
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The control of thermal radiation is of great current importance for applications such as energy conversions and radiative cooling. Here we show theoretically that the thermal emission of a finite-size blackbody emitter can be enhanced in a thermal extraction scheme, where one places the emitter in optical contact with an extraction device consisting of a transparent object, as long as both the emitter and the extraction device have an internal density of state higher than vacuum, and the extraction device has an area larger than the emitter and moreover has a geometry that enables light extraction. As an experimental demonstration of the thermal extraction scheme, we observe a four-fold enhancement of the far-field thermal emission of a carbon-black emitter having an emissivity of 0.85.
Yu, Zongfu; Sergeant, Nicholas P.; Skauli, Torbjørn; Zhang, Gang; Wang, Hailiang; Fan, Shanhui. Enhancing far-field thermal emission with thermal extraction. Nature Communications 2013 ;Volum 4. s. -