|dc.description.abstract||The legal status of the Svalbard Fisheries Protection Zone constitutes a source of conflict in the bilateral relations
between Norway and Russia. Norway is unilaterally enforcing Norwegian jurisdiction to control the fisheries in the
Barents Sea. The two incidents where Russian trawlers have been detained by Norwegian Coast Guard have led to
crises in the bilateral relationship. This is due to Russian non-acceptance of Norwegian jurisdiction in the area.
According to the Russian side, "gentle enforcement" does not entail detention of Russian trawlers. This report analyses
the different Russian parties that are involved in the decision-making process when crises such as these arise. The
findings show that Russia in these situations is an unpredictable actor with diverging interests. Administrative reform
has not brought order to the Russian fisheries complex, which still appears to be fraught with corruption and noncompliance.
The actors analysed have shifting loyalties, and few seem interested in working toward effective control of
the fisheries in the Barents Sea. Elements in the Russian fisheries complex advocate a strong Russian resolve against the
Norwegian regime in the Fisheries Protection Zone, and call for the use of armed forces in order to protect Russian
national economic interests in the area. The presence of naval forces in the region heightens the inherent conflict
potential in the current situation.||en_GB