Ship source level estimation and uncertainty quantification in shallow water via Bayesian marginalization
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This paper applies a non-linear Bayesian marginalization approach to ship spectral source level estimation in shallow water with unknown seabed properties and uncertain source depth. The algorithm integrates the posterior probability density over seabed models sampled via trans-dimensional Bayesian matched-field inversion and over depths/ranges of multiple point sources (representing different noise-generating components of a large ship) via Metropolis-Hastings sampling. Source levels and uncertainty are derived from marginal distributions for source strength. The approach is applied to radiated noise due to a container ship recorded on a bottom-moored horizontal array in shallow water. The average uncertainty is 3.8 dB/Hz for tonal frequencies.
Tollefsen, Dag; Dosso, Stan E.. Ship source level estimation and uncertainty quantification in shallow water via Bayesian marginalization. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2020 ;Volum 147.(4) s. EL339-EL344