Models for predicting impact sensitivity of energetic materials based on the trigger linkage hypothesis and Arrhenius kinetics
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In order to predict the impact sensitivity of high explosives, we designed and evaluated several models based on the trigger linkage hypothesis and the Arrhenius equation. To this effect, we calculated the heat of detonation, temperature of detonation and bond dissociation energy for 70 energetic molecules. The bond dissociation energy divided by the temperature of detonation proved to be a good predictor of the impact sensitivity of nitroaromatics, with a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.81. A separate Bayesian analysis gave similar results, taking model complexity into account. For nitramines, there was no relationship between the impact sensitivity and the bond dissociation energy. None of the models studied gave good predictions for the impact sensitivity of liquid nitrate esters. For solid nitrate esters, the bond dissociation energy divided by the temperature of detonation showed promising results (R2 = 0.85), but since this regression was based on only a few data points, it was discredited when model complexity was accounted for by our Bayesian analysis. Since the temperature of detonation correlated with the impact sensitivity for nitroaromatics, nitramines and nitrate esters, we consider it to be one of the leading predictive factors of impact sensitivity for energetic materials.
Jensen, Tomas Lunde; Moxnes, John Fredrik; Unneberg, Erik; Christensen, Dennis. Models for predicting impact sensitivity of energetic materials based on the trigger linkage hypothesis and Arrhenius kinetics. Journal of Molecular Modeling 2020 ;Volum 26.(4) s. -