The threat of war and domestic restraints to defence reform- how fear of major military conflict changed and did not change the Ukrainian military 2014-2019
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The annexation of Crimea and the Russia enabled rebellion in Donbas created a need for radical improvements of Ukrainian military capability. This study discusses how different, mostly domestic, reform drivers and reform impeding factors had impact on the pace of Ukrainian top-down defence reform in the period since the confrontation with Russia started in 2014. It concludes that reform has been uneven, and that while vested organizational interests and dominant organizational ideas explain much of the slowness of reform, also corruption played a significant role. Furthermore, the Ukrainian case demonstrates how foreign pressure was important to facilitate reform even in a country that found itself facing the danger of major war. Nevertheless, the study does confirm previous findings that a “threat of defeat in war” in the end overcome domestic restraints to defence reform.
Bukkvoll, Tor; Solovian, Volodymyr. The threat of war and domestic restraints to defence reform- how fear of major military conflict changed and did not change the Ukrainian military 2014-2019. Defence Studies 2019 ;Volum 20.(1) s. 21-38