Reducing scalloping in synthetic aperture radar images using a composite image transform
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In burst mode SAR imaging, echo intensity depends on the target's azimuth position in the antenna pattern. As a result, an amplitude modulation known as scalloping may appear, particularly in ScanSAR images of ocean areas. A denoising method, recently developed for multibeam bathymetry, can be used to reduce residual scalloping in ScanSAR images. The algorithm is analogous to a band-stop lter in the frequency domain. Here, the transform is the composition of an edge detection operator and a discrete Radon transform (DRT). The edge operator accentuates ne-scale intensity changes; the DRT focuses linear features, as each DRT component is the sum of pixel intensities along a linear graph. A descalloping lter is implemented in the DRT domain by suppressing the range direction. The restored image is obtained by applying the inverse composite transform. First, a rapidly converging iterative pseudo-inverse DRT is computed. The edge operator is a spatial lter based on a discrete approximation of the Laplace operator, but modi ed to make the operator invertible. The method was tested on ocean scene ScanSAR images from the Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar. The scalloping e ect was signi cantly reduced, with no apparent distortion or smoothing of physical features.
Landmark, Knut; Solberg, Anne H Schistad. Reducing scalloping in synthetic aperture radar images using a composite image transform. Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering 2015 ;Volum 9643.(Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXI) s.