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    • Dose-response relationships for the onset of avoidance of sonar by free-ranging killer whales 

      Miller, Patrick J.O.; Antunes, Ricardo; Wensveen, Paul; Samarra, Filipa I. P.; Alves, Ana Catarina; Tyack, Peter L.; Kvadsheim, Petter Helgevold; Kleivane, Lars; Lam, Frans-Peter A.; Ainslie, Michael A; Thomas, Len (2014)
      Eight experimentally controlled exposures to 1−2 kHz or 6−7 kHz sonar signals were conducted with four killer whale groups. The source level and proximity of the source were increased during each exposure in order to reveal ...